What is Major Depressive Disorder?

What is major depressive disorder to most people? Commonly, people get confused with the real definition of major depressive disorder. Some thinks that this situation is normal and will pass away. On the other hand, some people think that it is dangerous and get away from people experiencing major depressive disorder. In order to understand people with this illness is to know the definition of major depressive disorder.


It is often that major depressive disorder is called simply major depression. A person is believed to experience major depressive disorder when the depressive episodes occur in one’s lifetime very often. Usually, these depressive episodes last for a long period. It could last for months and even years. With proper treatment, it is possible that the episodes will disappear and the person affected with depression will go back to his normal life. However, there are cases that after the treatment period, the major depressive disorder will resurface. Generally, MDD patients experiences more than one depressive episode in their lifetime.


Likewise, there are exceptions wherein a person can have a chronic depressive episode throughout his lifetime. This type of major depressive disorder needs continuing treatment and therapy.


There are also different specifications of major depressive disorder that include:


1. moderate, mild, extreme with psychotic features, and extreme without psychotic events


2. with catatonic aspects


3. chronic in nature


4. with atypical characteristics


5. with melancholic aspects


6. and, with onset of postpartum

If the above specifications are not fully achieved, the following identifiers can help specify the current major depressive disorder that a person is experiencing:


1. Is the person in full or partial remission?


2. Is the episode chronic.


3. Is the depression with melancholic aspect?


4. Is it with catatonic characteristics?


5. Is postpartum onset present.


6. Is the experience with atypical aspect.


What is major depressive disorder in relation to death and suicide? Major depressive disorder is related to high record of mortality. It is reported that about fifteen percent of people suffering with extreme case of major depressive disorder die due to suicide. Similar evidence also reveals that there are increasing cases of death among people with major depressive disorder who are above fifty-five years old. It is more likely that within the first year of residency at nursing homes of people with major depressive disorder die due to loneliness, anxiety, and even suicide.


Studies show that major depressive disorder may start at any age. The common age of onset is during mid-20s. The younger generation seems not affected with the disease in comparison with people who are born earlier. Some individuals have separate episodes that are present between many years without any evidence of depressive symptom. However, others may have frequent episodes as they age. Some proofs shows that the time of remission usually last longer before the onset of the disorder. More than half of the people with single episode are likely to have second episode any time in their lifetime. If you know how to determine major depressive disorder, the more you are able to understand and help in the treatment and therapy of a person with major depressive disorder.